2.5 Roman Law Form
Article 49 - Nomen (Name)
The Nomen System comprised of several key components then assembled under certain naming (nomenclature) conventions being:
(i) Full Citizen status, usually denoting one (1) of the ancient Patrician families as “Civilus”; and
(ii) Auctoritas being the highest authority attained by the individual; and
(iii) Officium being the highest office attained by the individual; and
(iv) Praenomen being the given name; and
(v) Nomen or Gentilicium being the name of their gens of clan; and
(vi) Patrimonicus being the filial relation to a great Roman; and
(vii) Cognomen being name of the family lines within the gens; and
(viii) Agnomen being a popular nickname, identity or word of honor applied to the individual.
Auctoritas as part of nomen was usually reserved for the highest and greatest of officials and included such examples as:
Officium as part of nomen was usually reserved for the highest and greatest of officials and included such examples as:
(i) Imperator being the highest administrative official from which “emperor” is derived; and
(ii) Executor being a senior administrative official and precursor to senators; and
(iii) Rector being the governor of a province; and
(iv) Censor being an official visitor and overseer of the Senate; and
(v) Senator being a member of the senate and head advisory body to the Pontificum Collegium (College of Pontiffs) that controlled Rome.
(i) Order of son being Primus (P.) “first”, Secundus "second", Tertius "third", Quartus “fourth”, Quintus (Q.) "fifth", Sextus (Sex.) "sixth", Septimus (Sept.) "seventh", Octavianus (O.) "eight", Nonus “ninth”, Decimus (D.) "tenth"; and
(ii) Omen of birth being Faustus “auspicious”, Lucius (from Lucifer) (L.) “the best of luck, good fortune”, Flavus “golden”, Gallus “confident, cocksure”, Canus “wise”
(iii) Peculiarity of birth being Agrippa “born feet first”, Caeso “cut from the womb”, Spurius (Sp.) “illegitimate birth”
Gentilicium or Gens (Clan) name traditionally identified whether one was borne of the highest class (Patrician), or lower class (Plebian). For example, famous Patrician families included (but were not limited to): Antonius, Aquillia, Atilia, Claudius, Cornelius, Curtia, Didius, Domitius, Fabia, Furia, Julius, Marcia, Pompeius, Romilia, Sestia, Siccia, Sulpicia, Valeria, Vitellia, Tarpeia and Valerius.