Pactum De Singularis Caelum

Covenant of One Heaven

section iconPrinciples

Article 27 - Rights

27.1
Right (link)

A valid Right is a positively defined Capacity, or Privilege, or Liberty, or Faculty, or Power, or Ownership, or Possession, or Interest, or Benefit and its associated obligation, remedy or relief held in Trust for the benefit of a particular type of named or unnamed Person under some proper Rule of Law and System of Justice. A claimed negative right is an absurdity and injury of law itself and cannot exist under any true system of law. All valid Rights exist and are sourced and inherited solely in accord with the present Covenant:

(i) As a Capacity, a valid Right is a form of legal authority, or qualification, or legal condition or status that enables a person to exercise his/her own will in acquiring, holding, using or transferring other certain Rights or performing such associated obligations, without restraint or hindrance; and

(ii) As a Privilege, a valid Right is a form of special (real or personal) Grant whereby either a private Person or particular Corporation is freed from the obligations of certain laws; and

(iii) As a Liberty, a valid Right is a form of Privilege whereby a Person enjoys some Favor or Benefit; and

(iv) As a Faculty, a valid Right is a form of Privilege or special Power granted to a Person by Favor, Indulgence or Dispensation (i.e. a License) that enables a person to do, or refrain from doing something that would otherwise not be permitted by law; and

(v) As a Power or Authority, a valid Right is a form of authority, enforced by law, that enables one person to compel one or more other persons to do or abstain from doing a particular act; and

(vi) As an Ownership, a valid Right is a form of written possession by registration/recording, whereby a person is recognized by law to possess the most extensive or higher claim of possession, use and enjoyment (of certain Property), to the exclusion of all other persons, or of all except one or more specific persons; and

(vii) As a Possession, a valid Right is the visible possibility and ability of exercising physical control over some form of property, coupled with the intention of doing so, to the exclusion of all others, or one or more persons; and

(viii) As an Interest, a valid Right denotes a title, or certificate or other proof of claim or advantage to other certain Rights or Property; and

(ix) As a Benefit, a valid Right implies a just and legal claim to hold, or use or enjoy certain Property, or convey, or donate or dispose of it, subject to certain obligations of performance.

27.2
Origin of meaning of Right (link)

The term Right originates from the late 16th Century CE as a merger of the functions of the ancient Latin words Ritus meaning “a customary privilege, liberty or authority” and Rectus meaning “straight, honest, rule, obligation”. Hence, the word Right is literally the synthesis of the concept of a privilege being attached to some consequential obligation as exemplified in the maxim Lex Semper Dabit Remedium "The Law always gives a remedy".

27.3
Characteristics of a Valid Right (link)

By their origin, nature and function, a Right is not a Right unless it possesses the following twelve characteristics being Integrity, Trust, Name, Class, Subject, Provenance, Exemplification, Obligation, Subject Person, Obligated Person, Remedy and Relief:

(i) Integrity means a valid Right conforms to the most ancient and primitive purpose being to reflect a positively expressed rule, custom, privilege or power with good intentions, good character and good conscience. A negative right is an absurdity and injury of law itself and is invalid from the beginning; and

(ii) Trust means a valid Right is expressed in a Trust relation whereby the Right is the Property of the Trust; and

(iii) Name means that a valid Right is uniquely named compared to all other valid Rights in accord with the principle of the use of the Latin beginning with the term Ius (Jus) for a singular Right or Iurium for several rights bound together by similar character and purpose; and

(iv) Class, means that the Class of Right (Divine, Natural, Superior or Inferior) that the valid Right belongs to is clearly identified; and

(v) Provenance, means that if the Right is not of a Class of valid Divine Rights, then the Right clearly identifies and proves those Divine or Natural Rights whereby it owes its provenance; and

(vi) Exemplification, means that signed or sealed and attested evidence exists as to the founding instrument of law that defines the structure and character of the valid Right; and

(vii) Subject, means that a valid Right clearly identifies the qualities associated with it, including (but not limited to) any and all specific Capacities, or Faculties, or Powers, or Authorities, or Interests, or Privileges or Benefits associated with it; and

(viii) Obligation, means that a valid Right clearly identifies the obligations associated with it, including (but not limited to) any and all conditions of time, place, performance, dedication, dress, skills, equipment and duty of care; and

(ix) Subject Person, means a Person inherent with the Right (as in formation of Person on Roll), or invested with the Right (as Trustee) or entitled to the Right (as named or unnamed Beneficiary); and

(x) Obligated Person, means a Person on whom the valid Right imposes some kind of duty or obligation; and

(xi) Remedy, means that a valid Right possesses a form of Remedy whereby the Person in whom the Privilege or Power should reside is able to recover such a Right in the event of incapacity, or seizure, or loss or other impediment; and

(xii) Relief, means that a valid Right possesses a form of Relief whereby the Person in whom such Duty or Obligation associated with the Right should reside, is able to abdicate, derogate, mitigate or abrogate such responsibilities in the event of incapacity, or impossibility, or unfairness, or unreasonableness, or bad faith, or vexation, or unclean hands, or other breach of trust. An Obligation without the possibility of Relief is morally repugnant and irrefutable proof of the existence of slavery.

If one or more of these twelve essential characteristics are not present within the structure of a Right, then such a Right cannot be considered valid.

27.4
Four Classes of Rights (link)

There exists only four possible (4) Classes of Rights being Divine, Natural, Superior and Inferior:

(i) Divine Rights are the primary and original form and source of Rights, corresponding to Divine Trusts and Divine Persons. There exists no higher class, or possible type of Rights. All Rights therefore are inherited from the class of valid Divine Rights; and

(ii) Natural Rights are the second highest form of valid Rights of True Trusts and True Persons associated with either the Office of Man or the Office of Woman of a single living being. All Natural Rights are inherited directly from Divine Rights; and

(iii)  Superior Rights are the third class and third highest possible form of valid Rights of aggregate bodies, associations, societies, orders, fraternities, bodies and companies corresponding with Superior Trusts and Superior Persons. All Superior Rights are inherited directly from Divine Rights and the conveyance in trust of the Natural Rights and consent of members. All Rights of valid Ucadia Members, Ucadia Societies and associated bodies, aggregates, societies, associations, communities and unions of two or more people are inherited from the class of Superior Rights; and

(iv)  Inferior Rights are the fourth class and the lowest possible form of valid Rights and owe their existence to non-Ucadian societies, persons, corporations, associations, bodies politic, agencies or aggregates. All Inferior Rights are inferior to Superior Rights. Where an Inferior Right makes claim to being superior, it is automatically invalid upon such falsity.

27.5
Twelve Sub-Classes of Rights (link)

There exists only twelve (12) Sub-Classes of Rights being Perfect, Imperfect, Absolute, Relative, Personal, Ecclesiastical, Sovereign, Official, Administrative, Member, Primary and Secondary:

(i)  Perfect Divine Rights (Perfectum Divinum Iurium), are a sub-class of Divine Rights whereby such valid Rights are created, defined and donated to a Divine Person by the Divine Creator through the most sacred present Covenant. Perfect Divine Rights are Peremptory, Permanent, Eternal, Immutable and Indefeasible; and once bestowed are not subject to any form or condition of waiver, abandonment, conveyance, surrender, disqualification, incapacitation, seizure, capture, arrest, resignation, alienation, suspension, suppression, forfeiture or abrogation. Perfect Divine Rights are therefore the highest possible form of Rights and there exists no higher class, or form, or possible type of Rights. Perfect Divine Rights may be further defined as Perfect Fundamental Divine Rights or Perfect Sacramental Divine Rights; and

(ii)  Imperfect Divine Rights (Imperfectum Divine Rights), are a sub-class of Divine Rights whereby such valid Rights are created, defined and delegated to a Divine Person by the Divine Creator through the most sacred present Covenant upon acceptance of the associated obligations and duties attached to them. If any such conditions and obligations are breached or repudiated, then the relevant Imperfect Divine Right is instantly waived, surrendered, suspended, forfeited or revoked until such time as the fundamental breach of duty and obligation is repaired or such a Right is duly restored. Imperfect Divine Rights may be further defined as Imperfect Instrumental Divine Rights or Imperfect Intentional Divine Rights; and

(iii)  Absolute Natural Rights (Absolutum Naturae Iurium), are a sub-class of Natural Rights whereby such valid Rights are created, defined and deposited to a Natural (True) Person by the existence of the one true Universe and all Rule and all Matter in accord with the Rule of Law through the most sacred present Covenant. Absolute Natural Rights are Peremptory, Permanent, Immutable and Indefeasible and once bestowed are not subject to any form or condition of waiver, abandonment, conveyance, surrender, disqualification, incapacitation, seizure, capture, arrest, resignation, alienation, suspension, suppression, forfeiture or abrogation. Absolute Natural Rights are therefore the highest possible form of Natural Rights. Absolute Natural Rights may be further defined as Absolute Elemental Natural Rights or Absolute Testamental Natural Rights; and

(iv)  Relative Natural Rights (Relativum Naturae Iurium), are a sub-class of Natural Rights whereby such valid Rights are created, defined and granted to a Natural (True) Person by the existence of the one true Universe and all Rule and all Matter in accord with the Rule of Law through the most sacred present Covenant upon acceptance of the associated obligations and duties attached to them. If any such conditions and obligations are breached or repudiated, then the relevant Relative Natural Right may be waived, surrendered, suspended, abandoned, resigned, disqualified, seized, captured, arrested, alienated, suppressed, forfeited or annulled until such time as the fundamental breach of duty and obligation is repaired or such a Right is duly restored. A True Person to whom a Relative Natural Right has been bestowed may also lawfully delegate or confer beneficial title of such a Right to another True Person such as a Ucadia association, body politic, society, company or community. However, such an aggregate person can never legitimately claim legal title over a Relative Natural Right and any such claim is automatically false and null and void, having no force or effect. Relative Natural Rights may be further defined as Relative Delegable Natural Rights or Relative Conferrable Natural Rights; and

(v)  Superior Person Rights (Superioris Iurium Personae), are a sub-class of Superior Rights whereby such valid Rights are created, defined and bestowed to a Superior Person by the existence of a valid Superior Person, or aggregate person, or community, or body politic, or association in accord with the Rule of Law through the most sacred present Covenant. Universal Superior Rights are Peremptory, Permanent, Immutable and Indefeasible and once bestowed are not subject to any form or condition of waiver, abandonment, surrender, disqualification, incapacitation, seizure, capture, arrest, resignation, alienation, suspension, suppression, forfeiture or abrogation. Superior Personal Rights are therefore the highest possible form of Superior Rights of any society or aggregate person within the temporal realm; and

(vi)  Ecclesiastical Rights (Iurium Ecclesiae), are a sub-class of Superior Rights associated with a valid Ucadia Ecclesia such as One Christ, One Islam, One Spirit and Ucadia itself. Ecclesiastical Rights are the highest possible rights of any aggregate body, society, fraternity, association or company of two or more people. There exists eight categories of one hundred and thirty two (132) Superior Rights within the sub class of Ecclesiastical Rights, being Authoritative (22), Instrumental (22), Sacramental (33), Writs (11), Bills (11), Dogma (11), Decrees (11) and Notices (11); and

(vii)  Sovereign Rights (Iurium Regnum), are a sub-class of Superior Rights associated with the embodiment of the sovereign authority of a valid Ucadia society such as a Campus, or Province, or University or Union. All Sovereign Rights are derived from Ecclesiastical Rights and a Sovereign can never claim to be higher than Ecclesiastical Rights. There exists six categories of seventy seven (77) Superior Rights within the sub class of Sovereign Rights, being Authoritative (11), Instrumental (22), Writs (11), Bills (11), Decrees (11) and Notices (11); and

(viii)  Official Rights (Iurium Publicum), are a sub-class of Superior Rights associated with an Officer empowered to Office within a valid Ucadia society such as a Campus, or Province, or University or Union. All Official Rights are derived from Sovereign Rights and Official Rights can never be claimed to be higher than Sovereign Rights. There exists six categories of eighty eight (88) Official Rights within the class of Official Rights, being Authoritative (11), Instrumental (33), Warrants (11), Complaints (11), Orders (11) and Notices (11); and

(ix)  Administrative Rights (Iurium Administrationis), are a sub-class of Superior Rights associated with a legislative body of a valid Ucadia society such as a Campus, or Province, or University or Union. All Administrative Rights are derived from Official Rights and an Administrator and Agent can never claim to be higher than Official Rights. There exists two categories of seventy seven (44) Superior Rights within the sub class of Administrative Rights, being Authoritative (11) and Instrumental (33); and

(x)  Member Rights (Iurium Membrum), are a sub-class of Superior Rights associated with a Member of a valid Ucadia society, body or aggregate; and

(xi)  Primary Rights, also known as Primary Inferior Rights, are a sub-class of Inferior Rights whereby such Rights are created, defined and bestowed to an Inferior (Legal) Person by a non-Ucadian aggregate person, or community, or body politic, or association. Primary Inferior Rights are frequently claimed and created without reference to rights already existing or proving such provenance to Divine Rights. Therefore, Primary Inferior Rights are equivalent to either Claims or false and unsubstantiated Demands. Primary Inferior Rights are therefore the second lowest possible form of rights of any society or aggregate person within the temporal realm. Primary Inferior Rights may be further defined as Primary Personal Inferior Rights or Primary Public Inferior Rights; and

(xii)  Secondary Rights, also known as Secondary Inferior Rights, are a sub-class of Inferior Rights whereby such valid Rights are created, defined and delegated to an Inferior (Legal) Person by the existence of a non-Ucadian aggregate person, or community, or body politic, or association upon acceptance of the associated obligations and duties attached to them. If any such conditions and obligations are breached or repudiated, then the relevant Secondary Inferior Right may be waived, surrendered, suspended, abandoned, resigned, disqualified, seized, captured, arrested, rescinded, suppressed, forfeited or revoked. Secondary Inferior Rights are therefore the lowest possible form of rights of any society or aggregate person within the temporal realm Secondary Inferior Rights may be further defined as Secondary Protective Inferior Rights or Secondary Remedial Inferior Rights.

27.6
Status of Right (link)

The Status of any Valid Right is its relative state or condition, position, strength, priority and standing compared to one or more other Rights. By such comparison of Rights in accord with the following core Arguments of Status, a valid Right can be said to be Superior, Inferior, Equal or Indeterminate:

(i) Only valid Rights may have their Status compared as a valid Right is always Superior to an invalid or false Right; and

(ii) A valid Right inherited from another will always be Inferior to the valid Right from which it is sourced; and

(iii) A Divine Right is Superior to a Natural Right and a Natural Right is Superior to a Positive Right; and

(iv) A Perfect Divine Right is Superior to an Imperfect Divine Right; and

(v) An Absolute Natural Right is Superior to a Relative Natural Right; and

(vi) A Universal Positive Right is Superior to a Conditional Positive Right; and

(vii) A valid Right of the same sub-class and type associated with the same type of person may be Equal or Indeterminate and therefore may be subject to proper investigation by a competent forum of law.

27.7
Assertion of Right (link)

The valid Assertion of any Right is always under the proper Rule of Law through Justice in accord with the present Covenant. There exists five (5) forms of action by which a valid Right may be asserted being Record, Notice, Writ, Claim and Petition:

(i) Record is the written account of a valid Right, preserved in writing as evidence, usually within a specified ledger of records known as a Register. The ownership of the Register may be evidence of any legal title, while the production of any receipt or certificate from such a register may represent evidence of equitable title; and

(ii) Notice is the assertion of a valid Right by means of service of formal process by which a party is made aware of any formal legal matter that may affect certain Rights as well as the form of document used to transmit such facts. The primary types of notices being public (legal), actual, constructive and implied; and

(iii) Writ is the assertion of a valid Right through the issuance of a formal instrument of demand and grant of authority to one or more agents commanding certain acts to be performed whilst granting the agents(s) limited protection from liability or responsibility for any injury or claim; and

(iv) Claim is the assertion of a valid Right through a challenge within a competent forum of law against another party regarding the possession or ownership of some property or thing withheld from the possession of the claimant; and

(v) Petition is the assertion of a valid Right through a petition and prayer to the highest sovereign authority within a society which claims recognition of Rule of Law and Justice to recover the possession or ownership of some property or thing withheld from the possession of the petitioner by an officer or agent of the same sovereign authority (such as government).

27.8
Dispute of Right (link)

A Dispute of Rights is when two parties under the proper Rule of Law through Justice in accord with the present Covenant disagree as to the validity of one or more Rights, usually through one or more Claims. In accord with the present Covenant, the primary arguments for resolving such controversy rests upon the following arguments being Validity, Duty, Status and Priority:

(i) Validity is the determination of whether the Rights in question are valid in accord with the present Covenant. A False or Invalid Right has no existence. An Undefined Right against a valid Right is by definition inferior; and

(ii) Duty is the determination of whether a Right remains valid and in effect due to the necessary performance of any obligations and Duty as in the specific case of all Imperfect Divine Rights, Relative Natural Rights and Conditional Positive Rights. Evidence of failure to perform the obligations of Duty may render a Right invalid, even if it is Superior in standing; and

(iii) Status is the determination of whether one valid Right is superior or inferior compared to another by virtue of belonging to a higher Class or Sub-Class providing no evidence exists of failure to perform any mandated obligations or duty. Excluding such evidence, there exists no higher or more superior valid Rights than Divine Rights, followed by Natural Rights and then Positive Rights; and

(iv) Priority is the determination of whether one valid Right of equal weighting in terms of Superiority has greater merit by virtue of a prior action of Record, Notice, Writ or Claim, thus identifying such a valid Right as a valid Prior Right against any other claim.

27.9
Repudiation of Right (link)

Any person, body, form, being, spirit aggregate or entity that repudiates the present Article and Covenant does therefore also repudiate the Rule of Law and Justice and so is itself without Law, or any Rights. It is a moral obligation of all higher order beings to restore the Rule of Law and Justice and hold to account those who Repudiate such valid Rights.

27.10
Reservation of Right (link)

The Reservation of Rights is a formal process associated with the Assertion of one or more Rights by Notice whereby the instruments transmitted make explicit the reservation of certain Rights. The presence of such an explicit statement concerning the reservation of certain Rights therefore prevents the recipient of such instruments from claiming any Rights themselves to violate, seize, suspend, disqualify, enclose, capture, arrest, alienate, securitize, suppress, forfeit or annul any of the Rights reserved including but not limited to any Rights expressed or implied to the instrument itself. There exists three (3) formal phrases that may be used to define to a lesser or greater degree the Reservation of Rights being Universal, Absolute and Perfect:

(i) Universal Reservation of Rights is when the phrase “All Rights Reserved.” is used in conjunction with the transmission of any media or instrument. While Western-Roman Laws have rendered the phrase redundant in regards to international copyright laws, the use of such a phrase remains necessary to make clear both the instrument itself as well as any reference to intellectual property remains subject to copyright; and

(ii) Absolute Reservation of Rights is when the phrase “All Rights Reserved in Trust under God.” is used in conjunction with the transmission of any media or instrument. The phrase makes explicit that all Rights are held in trust under the One True Divine Creator using language in accord with the foundation of all Western-Roman Law. Therefore to violate such Rights implies not only a violation of sacred trust but a repudiation of the Rule of Law; and

(iii) Perfect Reservation of Rights is when the phrase “All Rights Reserved in Sacred Trust in accord with Pactum De Singularis Caelum under the One True Divine Creator.” is used in conjunction with the transmission of any media or instrument. The phrase makes perfectly explicit that all Rights are held in sacred trust under the One True Divine Creator in accord with the superior law form of the present Covenant. Therefore to violate such Rights implies not only a violation of sacred trust but a repudiation of the every possible form of Rule of Law and Justice.

27.11
Ucadian Superior Rights (link)

Superior Rights specifically associated with formal Ucadian administrative divisions and communities shall be uniquely defined according to the following rules:

(i) Ius Ucadia shall be the prefix for all unique Superior Rights associated with Ucadia itself; and

(ii) Ius Unionis shall be the prefix for all unique Superior  Rights associated with a Union administrative division, body politic and government. All Ius Unionis Rights are inherited from Ius Ucadia Rights; and

(iii) Ius Universitas shall be the prefix for all unique Superior  Rights associated with a University administrative division, body politic and government. All Ius Universitas Rights are inherited from Ius Unionis Rights; and

(iv) Ius Provinciae shall be the prefix for all unique Superior Rights associated with a Province administrative division, body politic and government. All Ius Provinciae Rights are inherited from Ius Universitas Rights; and

(v) Ius Campus shall be the prefix for all unique Superior Rights associated with a Campus administrative division, body politic and government. All Ius Campus Rights are inherited from Ius Provinciae Rights.

27.12
Invalid Right (link)

An Invalid Right or False Right is any form that asserts to be a valid Right yet contradicts or violates one or more of the criteria of the present Article of the present Covenant. 

27.13
Prohibited Right (link)

A Prohibited Right is a False Right and Invalid Right that asserts one or more of the following self-evident false arguments and is therefore automatically null and void having no force or effect ecclesiastically, lawfully or legally:

(i) Any right that cannot demonstrate its ultimate provenance back to a valid Divine Right as defined within the sacred Covenant Pactum de Singularis Caelum; or

(ii) Any right that asserts immunity from the law from which the Right is inherited; or

(iii) Any right that asserts immunity from the duties or obligations granted with such a Right; or

(iv) Any right that asserts a man or woman may be classified, determined or treated as a Thing; or

(v) Any right that asserts by virtue of birth of flesh or blood a man or woman is superior to another; or

(vi) Any right that asserts the right to create secret laws or rights unknown to the public; or

(vii) Any right that is expressed in the negative or as a negative power; or

(viii) Any right that asserts a man or woman may be considered guilty or liable before an accusation is proven; or

(ix) Any right that asserts an officer or agent holding such office or position in trust may ecclesiastically, lawfully and legally give false testimony or deliberately false and misleading information; or

(x) Any right that asserts the right to suspend the operation of the proper Rule of Law, Due Process and Justice to obtain an advantage for or against another; or 

(xi) Any right that asserts the right for a man or woman to occupy the position of a justice of the peace, or judge or magistrate and act in such capacity without any effective oath of office; or

(xii) Any right that asserts the right for a man or woman claiming to be a justice of the peace, or judge or magistrate to hear and adjudicate a matter of law with unclean hands, in bad faith and with prejudice; or

(xiii) Any right that asserts the right to treat a financial or equitable advantage obtained by fraud as lawful and legal; or

(xiv) Any right that asserts the rights of another can be waived, surrendered, suspended, abandoned, resigned, disqualified, seized, captured, arrested, alienated, suppressed, forfeited or annulled without proper Rule of Law and Due Process of Justice; or

(xv) Any right that asserts the right to use, or claim or register the name Ucadia or any derivation, mark, symbol, icon, version or image thereof contrary to the manner prescribed by the present sacred Covenant and associated Charters; or

(xvi) Any right that asserts the right to disavow, repudiate, contradict or injure some or all of the present sacred Covenant and associated Charters.